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Nothing New about Questions of New Pattern

If recent banking exams are anything to go by, questions of new pattern are something which don’t spring any surprise now. SBI PO, IBPS PO, IBPS RRB OS 1 and similar other exams have been a testimony to this fact. All these exams have surprised the aspirants by introducing such pattern of questions which weren’t asked hitherto. A majority of the aspirants generally get panicked on seeing a new type of question. Some even skip it without reading it completely and miss out on some precious marks. Let’s have a look at the purpose of asking questions on new pattern.

Why Questions on New Pattern?

From the examiner’s point of view, the intention to introduce questions of new pattern is to check aspirants’ ability to deal with a new situation rather than just inputting formulas and shortcuts to get the answer. Additionally, questions on new pattern generally incorporate more than one concept, unlike conservative questions which are based on only one topic. So in a single question, more than one concept gets tested. The ability to understand what the question with a new pattern is asking and answering it in the minimal time is also tested by these questions.

Approaching a question on a shiny-new pattern

First things first; don’t panic. All patterns on which questions are asked all this while were new at some point in time. Think about this; there can’t be any new rule developed overnight in any of the sections, be it English, Reasoning or Quantitative Aptitude. Any question on new pattern has to be developed on the existing topics. It’s analogous to old wine in a new bottle. The question has just been packaged in a new form with more than one concept inside.

So panicking will not help when you encounter such a question. A question which looks new to you will be new for other aspirants as well. So stay calm, read the question carefully and try to understand what the question is trying to ask and what all concepts will be tested. You also need to ensure that you know all the concepts asked in such a question. If you’re doubtful about any of the concepts involved, skip the question.

Questions on new pattern with explanations

Let’s have a look at some questions on each of the three sections which have appeared in actual exams.

Quantitative Aptitude

Directions: In the question, some information is followed by three conclusions. Select the answer from the following options.
Mark option (a) if only conclusion I can be derived from the given information.
Mark option (b) if only conclusion I and II can be derived from the given information.
Mark option (c) if only conclusion I and III can be derived from the given information.
Mark option (d) if only conclusion II and III can be derived from the given information.
Mark option (e) if only conclusion III can be derived from the given information.
A and B deposited Rs. ‘x’ and Rs. ‘y’ in a scheme which offers simple interest at the rate of 12% p.a. Both of them withdrew their respective accumulated amount from the scheme after 3 years. The interest earned by B is Rs. 3240 more than the interest earned by A. Now, both decided to invest in a company with A investing 20% of ‘x’, while B investing ‘z’% of ‘y’. After one year, the profit earned by A out of the total profit of Rs. 8000 is Rs. 3200.
Note: 75% of 800 = z% of 2400
Conclusion:
I. x = Rs. 48000
II. y = Rs. 57600
III. z = 25%

Ans: e
Solution:
According to question,
0.36y – 0.36x = 3240
y – x = 9000 ———— (1)
Now, 75% of 800 = z% of 2400
600 = z% of 2400
z = 25
Now, (20% of x)/ (25% of y) = 3200/ (8000 – 3200)
0.2x/0.25y = 3200/4800
0.2x/0.25y = 2/3
0.6x = 0.5y
x = 5y/6 ——— (2)
Solving (1) and (2), we get
y = 54000 and x = 45000
So, only conclusion III can be derived from the given information.
Hence, option e.

The above question integrates the concepts of simple interest and partnership.

English

Directions (Qs. 1-5): A set of sentences is given below, which when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Arrange the sentences in the correct sequence, and answer the questions that follow.

P. According to Tim Cook, these tariffs on products imported from China will raise prices for some of Apple’s popular consumer goods such as the Apple Watch and AirPods headphones.

Q. Intel Corp., the world’s second-largest chipmaker, weighed in supporting Apple’s opposition to the tariffs and broadening the argument.

R. The US administration has _______ $50 billion worth of tariffs on Chinese goods with another $200 billion in the final stages.

S. The underlying reason for protest by the big tech companies is that computer and phone makers are involved in a global supply chain that includes Chinese manufacturing, and that can’t be easily excluded without harm to US companies.

T. The Mac mini desktop computer, Apple Pencil stylus accessory for iPads, various chargers and adapters and tooling equipment used to manufacture and design some products in the US will also be affected.


Question 1


Which of the following words will fit in the blank in sentence R?

a) application

b) imposed

c) deferred

d) inflated

e) influenced

Ans:(b)

Solution: We need a verb in the past participle form as the present perfect tense construction HAS + VERB always takes the past participle form of the verb. The passage talks about tariffs on Chinese imports. The sentence R talks about the amount of tariffs that would be levied on the goods. IMPOSED means to force (an unwelcome decision or ruling) on someone, and will fit appropriately in the blank. Thus, (b) is the right answer.

APPLICATION- the action of putting something into operation.

DEFERRED- put off (an action or event) to a later time

INFLATED- increase (something) by a large or excessive amount.

INFLUENCED- have an influence on.

Thus, option (b) is the right answer.


Question 2

Which of the following will be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?

a) S
b) R
c) P
d) Q
e) T

Ans: (b)

Solution: RPTQS is the final order. R begins the passage by establishing the subject of the passage – tariffs introduced by US administration on Chinese imported goods. P takes the passage forward by providing the reaction of Tim Cook and the impact of the proposed tariffs on Apple. T further highlights the impact of the tariffs on other products. Q talks about Intel’s supporting Apple. S concludes the passage by providing the reason of the protest by big tech companies. Thus, R is the first sentence after rearrangement. Thus, option (b) is the right answer.      


Question 3

Which of the following will be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?

a) P
b) Q
c) R
d) S
e) T

Ans: (a)

Solution: RPTQS is the final order. R begins the passage by establishing the subject of the passage – tariffs introduced by US administration on Chinese imported goods. P takes the passage forward by providing the reaction of Tim Cook and the impact of the proposed tariffs on Apple. T further highlight the impact of the tariffs on other products. Q talks about Intel supporting Apple. S concludes the passage by providing the reason of the protest by big tech companies. Thus, P is the second sentence after rearrangement. Thus, option (a) is the right answer.     


Question 4

Which of the following will be the FIFTH (LAST) sentence after rearrangement?

a) P
b) S
c) T
d) R
e) Q

Ans: (b)

Solution: RPTQS is the final order. R begins the passage by establishing the subject of the passage – tariffs introduced by US administration on Chinese imported goods. P takes the passage forward by providing the reaction of Tim Cook and the impact of the proposed tariffs on Apple. T further highlight the impact of the tariffs on other products. Q talks about Intel supporting Apple. S concludes the passage by providing the reason of the protest by big tech companies. Thus, S is the last sentence after rearrangement. Thus, option (b) is the right answer.     


Question 5

Which of the following will be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?

a) Q
b) R
c) P
d) S
e) T

Ans: (e)

Solution: RPTQS is the final order. R begins the passage by establishing the subject of the passage – tariffs introduced by US administration on Chinese imported goods. P takes the passage forward by providing the reaction of Tim Cook and the impact of the proposed tariffs on Apple. T further highlight the impact of the tariffs on other products. Q talks about Intel supporting Apple. S concludes the passage by providing the reason of the protest by big tech companies. Thus, T is the third sentence after rearrangement. Thus, option (e) is the right answer.

One question integrates the concepts of Fill in the blank & Parajumbles.

Reasoning

Directions Numbers in the form of a 4×4 matrix were given.
First row was represented as # having first 4 alphabets starting from A.
Second row was represented as @ having first 4 alphabets starting from H.
Third row was represented as $ having first 4 alphabets starting from P.
Fourth row was represented as % having first 4 alphabets starting from W.
The columns were represented as 1, 2, 3 and 4.
There are four traffic signals 41, 51, 61 and 71. Each traffic signal will glow after receiving a signal of certain frequency based on certain conditions as follows:
I. If there are only two vowels in the string, then frequency of the string will be the multiplication of the alphabetical position of the consonants.
II. If there is no vowel in the string, then frequency of the string will be the addition of alphabetical positions of the last two alphabets according to alphabetical series.
III. If there is only three consonants in the string, then frequency will be the addition of alphabetical position of all the consonants.
IV. If there are only one consonant in the string, then frequency of the string will be the addition of alphabetical position of all alphabets.
Note:
1. If none of the given conditions follow, then frequency will be the multiplication of the position of second and the second last alphabet according to alphabetical series.
2. If only string either NN or MM is given then only one string is taken as input.
3. If the final frequency is less than 15 then only 41 will glow, between 15 and 30 then 51 will glow, between 30 and 60 then 61 will glow and more than 60 then 71 will glow.
(For example: If NN = @1 $2 #3 %4, MM = @3 $4 %1 #1
@1 denotes value in second row and column 1 which will be H.
Therefore NN = H Q C Z.
So, this is satisfying condition II.
Hence frequency of NN is 43
MM = J S W A.
So, this is satisfying condition III.
Hence, frequency of MM is 52
The values of NN and MM are added and the final frequency is 43+52 = 95.)
Consider the signal NN = @2 %1 $4 #3, MM = %1 $3 #4 @3 for all the questions.
Question 1: What is the final frequency of both signals?
a. 75
b. 80
c. 86
d. 89
e. None of these
Answer: c
Solution:
NN = @2 %1 $4 #3, MM = %1 $3 $5 @3
Therefore, NN = I W S C.
So, this is satisfying condition III.
Hence frequency of NN is 45 (23 + 19 + 3).
MM = W R D J.
So, this is satisfying condition II.
Hence frequency of MM is 41 (23+18).
The values of NN and MM are added and the final frequency is 45+41 = 86.
Hence, option c.

Question 2: If only frequency of MM is taken as input, then which of the following signal will glow?
a. 71
b. 61
c. 51
d. 41
e. Cannot be determined
Answer: b
Solution:
NN = @2 %1 $4 #3, MM = %1 $3 #4 @3
Therefore, MM = %1 $3 $5 @3
So, this is satisfying condition II.
Hence frequency of MM is 41 (23 + 18).
Traffic signal 61 will glow if only frequency of MM is taken as input.
Hence, option b.

Question 3: If frequency of both NN and MM is taken as input, then which of the following traffic signal will glow?
a. 41
b. 51
c. 61
d. 71
e. Cannot be determined
Answer: d
Solution:
NN = @2 %1 $4 #3, MM = %1 $3 $5 @3
Therefore, NN = I W S C.
So, this is satisfying condition III.
Hence frequency of NN is 45 (23 + 19 + 3).
MM = W R D J.
So, this is satisfying condition II.
Hence frequency of MM is 41 (23+18).
The values of NN and MM are added and the final frequency is 45+41 = 86.
If frequency of both NN and MM is taken as input, then traffic signal 71 will glow.
Hence, option d.

Question 4: If only frequency of NN is taken as input, then what value should be minimum value added to the frequency of NN so that traffic signal 71 will glow?
a. 16
b. 20
c. 42
d. 36
e. Cannot be determined
Answer: a
Solution:
NN = @2 %1 $4 #3
Therefore, NN = I W S C.
So, this is satisfying condition III.
Hence frequency of NN is 45 (23 + 19 + 3).
If only frequency of NN is taken as input, then 16 should be added to the frequency of NN so that traffic signal 71 will glow.
Hence, option a.

Question 5: If only frequency of MM is taken as input, then what value should be added to the frequency of MM so that traffic signal 61 will glow?
a. 19
b. 13
c. 15
d. None
e. Cannot be determined
Answer: d
Solution:
MM = %1 $3 $5 @3
MM = W R D J.
So, this is satisfying condition II.
Hence, frequency of MM is 41 (23+18).
If only frequency of MM is taken as input, then no value should be added to the frequency of MM so that traffic signal 61 will glow.
Hence, option d.

These questions integrate the concepts of Input-output & Resultant.

So basically, the questions on the new pattern are nothing but an extension of ordinary questions. Attempt them carefully with your minds open and you can have the edge of 4-5 marks. Wishing you all the best for your exam!


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