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Aspirants preparing for nearly all major banking, government and insurance exams are recommended to read newspapers on a regular basis. There are broadly two benefits of it including improving the word power and staying updated about general awareness. Usually aspirants struggle in English section thus, for their rescue we regularly come up with vocabulary articles highlighting list of difficult words from reputed editorials along with their meanings. In the below editorial, next to the word/phrase, we have put the contextual meaning in English & Hindi so that you don’t get confused by the array of different meaning a word has.

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Deliberate, don’t disrupt: On Budget session

Legislators could do well by adhering to a model code of conduct

One of the most unedifying (unpleasant, distasteful) sights in public life is lawmakers taking to organised disruption (an interruption in the usual way a system works) of legislative business. Such displays became common in Parliament in the past decade as political parties and legislators demonstratively (open expression of emotions) advertised their points of view without recourse (co-operation) to debate. A number of crucial (extremely important) bills have taken an inordinate (more than usual or expected) time to be enacted (to be made a law) due to disruption, while others were not enacted despite a broad consensus (agreement) — such as the Women’s Reservation Bill — due to the behaviour of a few naysayers (someone who opposes something). Many sessions of Parliament in the recent past saw little business being done due to repeated disruption. In this context, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu’s exhortation (strong encouragement) to political parties to incorporate a model code of conduct for their legislators in State Assemblies and in Parliament is welcome. He suggested that the code should include stipulations (a rule that must be followed) on members not entering the well of the House, and desisting (to stop doing something) from sloganeering (trying to persuade people by repeating phrases) and unruly (disorderly and disruptive and not amenable to discipline or control) acts. If indeed parties adopt a code, it will go a long way in making parliamentary work meaningful. Otherwise, the general public will lose interest in the procedural aspects of parliamentary democracy and limit their participation to just voting in the elections.

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But the absence of disruption alone does not make for meaningful debate. The current Budget session sailed (moved swiftly) through with minimal disruption. Yet the high productivity during the session came without sufficient deliberation (long and careful consideration or discussion) over crucial bills, several of which were rushed through without vetting (careful and critical examination) by parliamentary standing and select committees. These committees have in the past been useful in expanding discussion over laws with civil society and experts from various streams of the larger society. They have also facilitated an enhanced cross-party coordination over issues. By not sending a single Bill among the 28 that were introduced and passed to a standing or select committee for scrutiny (careful & detailed examination of something), the current session accentuated (emphasized) the trend that has minimised the importance of such committees over the last few years. Unlike the 15th Lok Sabha (2009-2014), when 71% of the bills were referred to such committees, in the 16th Lok Sabha, they constituted only a fourth of the overall number of bills. Time spent on debates in the current session in both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha was barely (only) a third of the overall business. This does not augur (be a sign of something bad) well for lawmaking. As Mr. Naidu has also pointed out correctly, deliberation is an important component of parliamentary democracy apart from legislation and accountability (being responsible for what one does) of lawmakers. All three aspects must cohere (to unite) for a thoroughgoing (detailed) procedural democracy.

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