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We hope you are enjoying reading the series of  Editorial Analysis which helps you to understand the editorials of prominent publications. Today we have come up with the explanation of difficult words/phrases of The Guardian’s editorial. Have a look and update your word power & general awareness.

The Guardian view on weather forecasts: we need the bigger picture

Still, and in defiance (stubborn resistance; जिद्दी प्रतिरोध) of decades worth of scientific evidence, vast numbers of people around the world refuse to accept that we are in the process of drastically altering the climate. Vast numbers more lack the information they need to interpret (understand;अर्थ समझाना) what is going on. This is a global problem whose importance cannot be overstated (exaggerated;बढ़ा-चढ़ाकर कहना). It has no single solution. But giving up on trying to halt (put an end to;विराम/खत्म करना) the damage to life on our planet is not an option. And in this context, this week’s suggestion by the former BBC weather presenter Bill Giles, that forecasts should be adapted to include information about climate change as well as local weather conditions, is extremely welcome.

Weather and climate are not the same thing, and to confuse them would be unhelpful. But the rapidly developing science of weather attribution (the act of determining the cause of something;किसी चीज के कारण का निर्धारण करने की क्रिया) means that experts are now able to analyse extreme events including floods and heatwaves to determine the contribution (role;योग्दान/भूमिका) of manmade climate change. Last summer’s UK heatwave, for example, was made 30 times more likely by greenhouse gases. Findings such as this could feature (be shown;दिखाना) in the remodelled broadcasts, and play a valuable role in increasing public understanding. So could information about globally important climate-related events, such as updates on melting ice sheets in Greenland or Antarctica.

Currently such items are treated as news, if they feature in current affairs schedules at all. But often they do not, and there is certainly no systematic (planned,व्यवस्थित) effort on the part of such programmes to keep their audiences apprised (informed;सूचित कराना) of what climate scientists think is going on. If taken up, Mr Giles’s proposal could lead to a re-evaluation of weather broadcasting – and a consideration of whether it is appropriate, in the era of global warming, to treat weather as the cheery endnote (the positive final message;हर्षित समाप्ति नोट/ सकारात्मक अंतिम संदेश), delivered by a friendly face, that viewers have learned to expect.

Weather forecasting has not remained static (unchanged;अपरिवर्तित) since it was invented in the 1860s by Admiral Robert FitzRoy, whose initial aim was to prevent shipwrecks. Over the years the methodology has altered dramatically. Forecasts have become far more accurate, and local environmental information such as levels of pollen and air pollution has been incorporated (included; सम्मिलित). Now, given what we know, it makes sense to focus our attention more widely. Last year was the fourth warmest on record, after 2016, 2017 and 2015. The UN warns that we have only 12 years left in which to limit global warming to 1.5C above pre-industrial levels – that is, just over half a degree higher than now.

With carbon emissions still rising and a temperature rise of 3C expected to submerge (cause something to sink; डूबना) cities including Shanghai and Miami within a century, the scope (extent;सीमा/विस्तार) of our collective political failure is yet to be absorbed (understood;समझना). In order to prevent disaster, governments must commit (agree to undertake;वचनबद्ध होना) to changes far more drastic than anything agreed at the UN so far. Past experience suggests this will not happen unless public pressure is brought to bear with unprecedented (never experienced before;अनोखा/अपूर्व/ पहले कभी अनुभव नहीं किया) force. The school strikes movement is an encouraging sign that a mass mobilisation (collective action of everyone;सभी की सामूहिक कार्रवाई) remains possible. By contrast, a shake-up (reorganisation;पुनर्गठन) of weather forecasts might sound tame (uninteresting;अरुचिकर/नीरस). But they could play a vital (crucial;अत्यंत महत्वपूर्ण) role if they helped convince a majority of voters that climate change can no longer be ignored, and should be their top priority.

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