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We are back with today’s set of difficult words from one of the editorials from The Hindu. These difficult words along with their meaning and usage are there to help you with your vocabulary. Aspirants generally appearing for any competitive exam need to keep an eye on a newspaper daily. It not only improves their general knowledge but also helps in improving your word power. In order to ease this task, we generally come up with a list of 10 to 12 difficult words from today’s editorial. Next to the word is its meaning in English and Hindi.

Let’s check out the words in today’s editorial which is on SCO Summit.

A different tent: on SCO summit

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation is becoming vital to India’s Eurasia policy

Terrorism, regional cooperation and the future of Afghanistan were major themes at the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation’s Heads of State summit in Bishkek. The grouping, led by Russia and China, which includes Afghanistan and the Central Asian states of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, inducted India and Pakistan in 2017, and has become an important forum for India’s Eurasian (relating to Europe and Asia; यूरोप और एशिया से संबंधित) neighbourhood. In a world riven (violently divided; एक मत न होना ) by geopolitical contestations (the act of disagreeing about something; (किसी चीज़ को लेकर असहमत होने की क्रिया), SCO membership provides India a vital counter to some of the other groupings it is a part of, balancing out (becoming equal in effect; प्रभाव में संतुलित होना ) its stated policy of pursuing “multi-alignments”. It is a platform also for alignments on issues such as energy security, connectivity and trade. With India indicating that it sees little use for SAARC, the SCO provides the only multilateral platform for it to deal in close proximity with Pakistan and Afghanistan. While the failure of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Pakistani counterpart Imran Khan to hold substantive talks at the summit was marked, the occasion provided a setting for them to exchange what India called the “usual pleasantries (polite remarks; अभिनन्दन करना )” at the least. Beyond the summit, the two countries are committed to (to agree to something; (किसी बात के लिए सहमत होना ) engaging at several other levels, including the SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure. Pakistan leads the effort to coordinate between the SCO and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime. In a paragraph on Afghanistan and the SCO-Afghanistan contact group, the Bishkek declaration stressed on an inclusive peace process led by “Afghans themselves”. SCO countries committed to strengthening economic cooperation and supporting the World Trade Organisation structure, while building more people-to-people ties, tourism and cultural bonds (a close and lasting relationship between people; लोगों के बीच एक करीबी और स्थायी संबंध)) within the grouping.

It is significant to see that where the group has failed to find consensus, such as on India’s opposition to China’s Belt and Road Initiative, the declaration has mentioned only the other countries in a paragraph praising the project. On the sidelines, Mr. Modi held bilateral meetings with Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin. This month, Mr. Modi will meet U.S. President Donald Trump on the sidelines of (In a position in which one is not actively participating in something; एक ऐसी स्थिति में जिसमें कोई सक्रिय रूप से भाग नहीं ले रहा है)) the G-20 summit in Osaka. While the current India-U.S. trade impasse (a situation in which further development is impossible; ऐसी स्थिति जिसमें आगे विकास असंभव है ) and plans for Indo-Pacific military cooperation will take centrestage there, it is likely that the U.S.’s specific demands on curbing (to limit something; कुछ सीमित करना ) defence deals with Russia, including on the S-400 anti-missile system, and denying access to Chinese telecom major Huawei for India’s 5G network bids will also come up. India’s strategy of balancing and straddling (to be unable to decide which of two opinions about a subject is better and so partly support both opinions; यह तय करने में असमर्थ होना कि किसी विषय के बारे में दो राय बेहतर है और इसलिए आंशिक रूप से दोनों राय का समर्थन करना ) the competing interests of these emerging blocs (a group of countries or people that have similar goals; उन देशों या लोगों का समूह जिनका लक्ष्य समान हैं) will be tested. But the SCO collective and the bilateral meetings in Bishkek are an important indicator early in the Modi government’s second tenure of the foreign policy arc (principal theme; मुख्य बिंदु ) it is attempting.

Hope you got to know a few new words which will be definitely useful in the English section in the upcoming competitive exams. Wishing you all the very best for your exam preparation.

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