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Governor General & Viceroys of British India are important topics asked in government exams like SSC, RRB etc. We are providing a PDF of different Governor General & Viceroys, their duration and accomplishments. Download it now.

Governor General & Viceroys of British India- Download Free PDF

 

Governor General

Period

Important achievements/ Events

Warren Hastings 1773-1785 l The First Governor of Bengal (Presidency of Fort William)

l In 1750 he joined the British East India Company as a clerk and sailed out to India, reaching Calcutta in August 1750

l In 1814 he made a Privy Counsellor.

l Zamindars were given judicial powers; establishment of civil and criminal courts in each district.

l In 1781, he founded the Calcutta Madrasa, for promotion of Islamic studies.

l He founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in 1784.

Lord Cornwallis 1786-1793 l Introduced Permanent Settlement of Bengal (also called Zamindari system)

l It was an agreement between East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land

l He introduced Police reforms according to which each district was divided into 400 square miles and placed under a police superintendent

l Introduction of Civil Services in India.

Sir John Shore 1793-1798 l Followed policy of non-intervention

l Introduced Charter Act of 1793.

Lord Wellesley 1798-1805 l Adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance- a system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make British the supreme power

l Opened College to train the Company’s servants in Calcutta and therefore was known as the Father of Civil Services in India.

l He founded the Fort William College at Calcutta.

Sir George Barlow 1805-1807 l Mutiny of Vellore took place in 1806 in which the Indian soldiers killed many English officials.
Lord Minto I 1807-1813 l Concluded the Treaty of Amritsar (1809) with Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
Lord Hastings 1813-1823 l Ended the policy of non-intervention, which was followed by Sir John Shore

l Abolished the censorship of press

l Introduced Ryotwari and Mahalawari system in Bombay.

 

Lord Amherst 1823-1828 l Known for the First Anglo Burmese War (1824-26) and Mutiny of Barrackpur (1824)
Governors General of India
Lord William Bentinck

 

 

 

 

1828-1835 l The First Governor General of India

l Carried out social reforms such as abolition of Sati Pratha with the help of Rajaram Mohan Roy

l Established first Medical College in Calcutta.

l Made English the language of higher education.

l Suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice.

Sir Charles Metcalfe 1835-1836 l Held the post temporarily and removed restriction on Vernacular press.
Lord Auckland 1836-1842 l First Afghan War was fought during his reign.
Lord Ellenborough 1842-1844 l Established Bank of Madras (1843) (later Imperial Bank of India, now State Bank of India)
Henry Hardinge 1844-1848 l Establishment of Roorkee Engineering College (1847)
Lord Dalhousie 1848-1856 l Opened the first Railway line from Bombay to Thane in 1853

l Opened first Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agar in 1853

l Introduced Doctrine of Lapse captured Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854)

l Construction of the Grand Trunk Road started along with the construction of a number of bridges were constructed

l Established Postal system which made communication easier

l Wood’s Dispatch was passed in 1854 which provided the proper system of education from School to University

l Widow Remarriage Bill was passed

 

 List of Viceroy of India

 

Once the Government of India Act 1858 was adopted, Governor General become Viceroy of India.

 

Viceroy

Period

Important achievements/ Events

Lord Canning 1858-1862 l Was the Governor General during Mutiny pf 1857 and after the war, he was made the first Viceroy of India

l Withdrew Doctrine of lapse

l Indian Council Act was passed in 1861

l University of Bombay, Calcutta, Madras was established in 1857.

Lord Lawrence 1864-1869 l High Court was established at Calcutta, Bombay, Madras in 1865

l Created Indian Forest Department

l Opened telegraph line with Europe

l Introduced various reforms and became the member of Punjab Board of Administration after second Sikh war

l Was known as the Savior of Punjab.

Lord Mayo 1869-1872 l Started financial decentralization in India

l Established Rajkot College in Kathiawar and Mayo College in Ajmer for Indian princess

l First Census of India was held during his time in 1871

l Organized Statistical survey of India

l  Was the only Viceroy who was murdered in office by a pathan in Andaman in 1872

Lord Lytton 1876-1880 l Delhi Durbar was held on January 1 1877, to decorate Queen Victoria with the title of Kaiser-i-hind

l It was also laid down that the candidates had to appear and pass the civil services examination which began to be held in England

l The maximum age for these candidates were reduced from 21 to 19 years

l Vernacular press Act was passed in 1878.

Lord Rippon 1880-1884 l Age for the entry in Civil Service exam was raised to 21 years

l First Factory act was passed during his time in 1881, it prohibited the child labour

l Illbert Bill in 1883 was passed

l Passed Local Self Government act in 1882

Lord Dufferin 1884-1888 l Formed the Indian National Congress.
Lord Lansdowne 1888-1894 l Indian Council Act was passed in 1892

l Second Factory Act (1891) was passed during his time

l Appointed Durand Commission to define a line between British India and Afghanistan

Lord Curzon 1899-1905 l Partition of Bengal (1905) into two provinces- Bengal and East Bengal was done during his time

l Passed the Ancient Monuments Act (1904), to restore India’s cultural heritage thereby establishing the Archeological Survey of India.

Lord Minto 1905-1910 l Morley-Minto reform was passed in 1909
Lord Hardinge 1910-1916 l Partition of Bengal was canceled and capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911

l Gandhi ji returned to India from South Africa in 1915

l Home Rule moment was launched by Annie Besant.

Lord Chelmsford 1916-1921 l August Declaration of 1917, after which the control over the Indian Government would be transferred to Indian people

l Rowlatt Act 1919 was passed

l Montague-Chelmsford reform was passed

l Jallianwala Bagh Massacre 1919 took place during his time

l Non- Cooperation and Khilafat movement took place

l Women’s University was founded at Poona in 1919

Lord Reading 1921-1926 l Suppressed non-cooperation movement

l Chauri -Chaura incident took place

l Formation of Swaraj party

l Ahmedabad session of INS held in 1921.

Lord Irwin 1926-1931 l Simon commission visited India in 1928

l Dandi March was held in 1930

l Civil Disobedience movement launched in 1930

l Gandhi- Irwin pact was signed and First Round Table Conference was held in 1931

Lord Willingdon 1931-1936 l Poona Pact was signed

l Second and Third Round Table Conference was held during his time

l Communal Award started by British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald

l Government of India Act (1935) was passed

Lord Linlithgow 1936-1943 l Government of India Act enforced in provinces.

l Cripps Mission visited India in 1942

l Quit India movement was started in 1942

l Second World war took place in 1939.

Lord Wavell 1943-1947 l Shimla Conference was held on June 25, 1945 between Muslim League and Indian national Congress was failed

l Cabinet Mission Plan was launched in 1946

l On December 09, 1946, first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held.

Lord Mountbatten March 1947- August 1947 l Last Viceroy and first Governor General of free India

l Partition of India was done on June 3, 1947

l India Independent Act was passed on July 4, 1947 by British parliament

l As per the Act India became independent on August 15, 1947

l He was succeeded by C. Rajagopalachari, who was the last Governor General of free India.

 

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