Governor General & Viceroys of British India are important topics asked in government exams like SSC, RRB etc. We are providing a PDF of different Governor General & Viceroys, their duration and accomplishments. Download it now.
Important achievements/ Events
|Warren Hastings||1773-1785||l The First Governor of Bengal (Presidency of Fort William)
l In 1750 he joined the British East India Company as a clerk and sailed out to India, reaching Calcutta in August 1750
l In 1814 he made a Privy Counsellor.
l Zamindars were given judicial powers; establishment of civil and criminal courts in each district.
l In 1781, he founded the Calcutta Madrasa, for promotion of Islamic studies.
l He founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in 1784.
|Lord Cornwallis||1786-1793||l Introduced Permanent Settlement of Bengal (also called Zamindari system)
l It was an agreement between East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land
l He introduced Police reforms according to which each district was divided into 400 square miles and placed under a police superintendent
l Introduction of Civil Services in India.
|Sir John Shore||1793-1798||l Followed policy of non-intervention
l Introduced Charter Act of 1793.
|Lord Wellesley||1798-1805||l Adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance- a system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make British the supreme power
l Opened College to train the Company’s servants in Calcutta and therefore was known as the Father of Civil Services in India.
l He founded the Fort William College at Calcutta.
|Sir George Barlow||1805-1807||l Mutiny of Vellore took place in 1806 in which the Indian soldiers killed many English officials.|
|Lord Minto I||1807-1813||l Concluded the Treaty of Amritsar (1809) with Maharaja Ranjit Singh.|
|Lord Hastings||1813-1823||l Ended the policy of non-intervention, which was followed by Sir John Shore
l Abolished the censorship of press
l Introduced Ryotwari and Mahalawari system in Bombay.
|Lord Amherst||1823-1828||l Known for the First Anglo Burmese War (1824-26) and Mutiny of Barrackpur (1824)|
|Governors General of India|
|Lord William Bentinck
|1828-1835||l The First Governor General of India
l Carried out social reforms such as abolition of Sati Pratha with the help of Rajaram Mohan Roy
l Established first Medical College in Calcutta.
l Made English the language of higher education.
l Suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice.
|Sir Charles Metcalfe||1835-1836||l Held the post temporarily and removed restriction on Vernacular press.|
|Lord Auckland||1836-1842||l First Afghan War was fought during his reign.|
|Lord Ellenborough||1842-1844||l Established Bank of Madras (1843) (later Imperial Bank of India, now State Bank of India)|
|Henry Hardinge||1844-1848||l Establishment of Roorkee Engineering College (1847)|
|Lord Dalhousie||1848-1856||l Opened the first Railway line from Bombay to Thane in 1853
l Opened first Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agar in 1853
l Introduced Doctrine of Lapse captured Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854)
l Construction of the Grand Trunk Road started along with the construction of a number of bridges were constructed
l Established Postal system which made communication easier
l Wood’s Dispatch was passed in 1854 which provided the proper system of education from School to University
l Widow Remarriage Bill was passed
List of Viceroy of India
Once the Government of India Act 1858 was adopted, Governor General become Viceroy of India.
Important achievements/ Events
|Lord Canning||1858-1862||l Was the Governor General during Mutiny pf 1857 and after the war, he was made the first Viceroy of India
l Withdrew Doctrine of lapse
l Indian Council Act was passed in 1861
l University of Bombay, Calcutta, Madras was established in 1857.
|Lord Lawrence||1864-1869||l High Court was established at Calcutta, Bombay, Madras in 1865
l Created Indian Forest Department
l Opened telegraph line with Europe
l Introduced various reforms and became the member of Punjab Board of Administration after second Sikh war
l Was known as the Savior of Punjab.
|Lord Mayo||1869-1872||l Started financial decentralization in India
l Established Rajkot College in Kathiawar and Mayo College in Ajmer for Indian princess
l First Census of India was held during his time in 1871
l Organized Statistical survey of India
l Was the only Viceroy who was murdered in office by a pathan in Andaman in 1872
|Lord Lytton||1876-1880||l Delhi Durbar was held on January 1 1877, to decorate Queen Victoria with the title of Kaiser-i-hind
l It was also laid down that the candidates had to appear and pass the civil services examination which began to be held in England
l The maximum age for these candidates were reduced from 21 to 19 years
l Vernacular press Act was passed in 1878.
|Lord Rippon||1880-1884||l Age for the entry in Civil Service exam was raised to 21 years
l First Factory act was passed during his time in 1881, it prohibited the child labour
l Illbert Bill in 1883 was passed
l Passed Local Self Government act in 1882
|Lord Dufferin||1884-1888||l Formed the Indian National Congress.|
|Lord Lansdowne||1888-1894||l Indian Council Act was passed in 1892
l Second Factory Act (1891) was passed during his time
l Appointed Durand Commission to define a line between British India and Afghanistan
|Lord Curzon||1899-1905||l Partition of Bengal (1905) into two provinces- Bengal and East Bengal was done during his time
l Passed the Ancient Monuments Act (1904), to restore India’s cultural heritage thereby establishing the Archeological Survey of India.
|Lord Minto||1905-1910||l Morley-Minto reform was passed in 1909|
|Lord Hardinge||1910-1916||l Partition of Bengal was canceled and capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911
l Gandhi ji returned to India from South Africa in 1915
l Home Rule moment was launched by Annie Besant.
|Lord Chelmsford||1916-1921||l August Declaration of 1917, after which the control over the Indian Government would be transferred to Indian people
l Rowlatt Act 1919 was passed
l Montague-Chelmsford reform was passed
l Jallianwala Bagh Massacre 1919 took place during his time
l Non- Cooperation and Khilafat movement took place
l Women’s University was founded at Poona in 1919
|Lord Reading||1921-1926||l Suppressed non-cooperation movement
l Chauri -Chaura incident took place
l Formation of Swaraj party
l Ahmedabad session of INS held in 1921.
|Lord Irwin||1926-1931||l Simon commission visited India in 1928
l Dandi March was held in 1930
l Civil Disobedience movement launched in 1930
l Gandhi- Irwin pact was signed and First Round Table Conference was held in 1931
|Lord Willingdon||1931-1936||l Poona Pact was signed
l Second and Third Round Table Conference was held during his time
l Communal Award started by British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
l Government of India Act (1935) was passed
|Lord Linlithgow||1936-1943||l Government of India Act enforced in provinces.
l Cripps Mission visited India in 1942
l Quit India movement was started in 1942
l Second World war took place in 1939.
|Lord Wavell||1943-1947||l Shimla Conference was held on June 25, 1945 between Muslim League and Indian national Congress was failed
l Cabinet Mission Plan was launched in 1946
l On December 09, 1946, first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held.
|Lord Mountbatten||March 1947- August 1947||l Last Viceroy and first Governor General of free India
l Partition of India was done on June 3, 1947
l India Independent Act was passed on July 4, 1947 by British parliament
l As per the Act India became independent on August 15, 1947
l He was succeeded by C. Rajagopalachari, who was the last Governor General of free India.
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