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संपादकीय के कठिन शब्दों को समझाने की श्रृंखला में, नीचे हमने द हिंदू के संपादकीय में से कुछ महत्वपूर्ण शब्द लिए है। दैनिक आधार पर संपादकीय पढ़ना आपको न केवल नए शब्दों से परिचित कराएगा, बल्कि विभिन्न मुद्दों पर परिप्रेक्ष्य बनाने में आपकी मदद करने के अलावा आपकी सामान्य जागरूकता में भी सुधार करेगा।

STRANGE EMERGENCY: DONALD TRUMP’S PLAN TO BUILD THE MEXICO BORDER WALL

DONALD TRUMP’S LATEST MOVE FURTHER UNDERMINES AMERICAN DEMOCRACY

Declaring a state of national emergency is hardly a trivial decision. While the U.S. has done so in the aftermath of the 9/11 terror attacks and similar exigencies, President Donald Trump has opted for this measure in the context of what he has described as “an invasion of drugs and criminals” from across the border with Mexico. The move has further polarised Washington and put the strident immigration debate front and centre again. The context for the emergency is the longest federal government shutdown in U.S. history, for 35 days, that resulted in the shuttering of nine government agencies and the furlough of 800,000 government workers. The primary cause was Mr. Trump’s refusal to sign off on Congressional appropriations bills unless lawmakers agreed to hand over $5.7 billion to fund his plan to construct a border wall with Mexico. As the cost to the U.S. economy of the shutdown soared close to $11 billion by late-January, Mr. Trump backed down on his demand, yet warned that unless Congress yielded on the border wall funding, “I will use the powers afforded to me under the laws and the Constitution of the U.S. to address this emergency.” Now he appears to have made good on that statement, probably on the basis that during national emergencies U.S. law permits the diversion of funds from military or disaster relief budgets to tackle the “crisis” at hand.

This begs the question of how real the emergency is and why the White House is devoting its considerable political capital to this one policy issue. Mr. Trump frequently alludes to the migration crisis that he believes has engulfed the southern border. It is true that more than 2,000 people were turned away or arrested at the border each day during November 2018, numbers that U.S. immigration hawks have seized upon to press the argument for a wall. Yet this figure has decreased considerably over the past decade, and border crossings by undocumented migrants are at an all-time low, down from 1.3 million in 2001 to about 40,000 in 2018. If this is then a purely political move that panders to Mr. Trump’s conservative voter base, it may stand on wobbly legal foundations. Already, the first few lawsuits challenging the emergency declaration are working their way through the courts. Further, Democrats, who now control the House of Representatives, may under their constitutional powers vote to terminate the emergency. This would put the Republican-controlled Senate on the back foot by requiring it to clarify its position on the status quo, by either supporting or defeating such a resolution. While Mr. Trump’s supporters are doubtless celebrating their Commander-in-Chief’s chutzpah for this move, the truth is that it will only take the U.S. further away from the ideal of peaceful coexistence within a pluralistic democracy.

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Declaring a state of national emergency is hardly a trivial decision. trivial नगण्य /महत्वहीन आज कल हिंदी समाचार चैनलों पर महत्वहीन मुद्दों पर अधिक चर्चा की जाती है |
The move has further polarised Washington and put the strident immigration debate front and centre again.  

polarised

ध्रुवीकरण करना/ पूरी तरह से विपरीत राय वाले लोगों को दो समूहों में अलग करना पूँजीवादी राजनीति का आज के समय का सबसे बड़ा हथियार ध्रुवीकरण है
strident कठोर सरकारी आर्थिक नीति की आलोचना में तीव्रता आई है|
front and centre सबसे आगे जनसँख्या नियंत्रण का मुद्दा अब जटिल होता जा रहा है; हमें जल्दी ही इसे चर्चा के लिए सबसे आगे रखना चाहिए|
The context for the emergency is the longest federal government shutdown in U.S. history, for 35 days, that resulted in the shuttering of nine government agencies and the furlough of 800,000 government workers. shuttering कोई व्यवसाय या सेवा बंद करें कंपनी के दिवालिया घोषित होते ही दुकानें बंद कर दी गयी |
The context for the emergency is the longest federal government shutdown in U.S. history, for 35 days, that resulted in the shuttering of nine government agencies and the furlough of 800,000 government workers. furlough किसी को काम से अस्थायी रूप से अनुपस्थित रहने की अनुमति देना या बाध्य करना जांच की रिपोर्ट आने तक सीबीआई डायरेक्टर को अस्थाई रुप से अवकाश दिया गया है |
Mr. Trump frequently alludes to the migration crisis that he believes has engulfed the southern border. alludes

 

संकेत करना बिना किसी देश का नाम लिए प्रधानमंत्री ने यह कहा कि पड़ोसी देश आतंकवाद को बढ़ावा दे रहे है |
engulfed घिरा हुआ कठिन पारिस्थितियों से  घिरे होने के बावजूद राम ने परीक्षा में सर्वोच्च स्थान प्राप्त किया |
If this is then a purely political move that panders to Mr. Trump’s conservative voter base, it may stand on wobbly legal foundations. panders तुष्टिकरण तुष्टिकरण की पराकाष्ठा है कि यह वोट के लालच में जायज-नाजायज सभी माँगे पूरी की जा रही है जिसके कारण सबसे न्याय की आशा ही नहीं की जा सकती है।
If this is then a purely political move that panders to Mr. Trump’s conservative voter base, it may stand on wobbly legal foundations. Wobbly अस्थिर बजट के दौरान बाज़ार में सोने/चांदी के दामों में अस्थिरता की स्थिति बनी रहतीं है |
This would put the Republican-controlled Senate on the back foot by requiring it to clarify its position on the status quo, by either supporting or defeating such a resolution. Senate अमेरिका के संसद का ऊपरी सदन अमेरिका के संसद के  ऊपरी सदन में प्रत्येक राज्य के लिए समान संख्या में सदस्य (छह से कम नहीं) शामिल थे जिनकी सेवा की अवधि छह वर्ष थी |
status quo यथास्थिति यदि वे बाजार की स्थिति के अनुसार अपने व्यवसाय में छोटे बदलाव करते, तो वे यथास्थिति बनाए रख सकते थे ।

 

आशा है कि आपको कुछ नए शब्द सीखने को मिले। क्या आप संपादकीय के कठिन शब्दों की इस श्रृंखला को पसंद कर रहे हैं? अपने विचार हमें नीचे टिप्पणी में बताएं।


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